Monday, May 25, 2020

Correlation Between Personality and Music Preferences

Have you ever been asked the question, â€Å"Why are you listening to that?† At that moment, you sit there and try to come up with a reason to explain your answer. However, the answer always seems to be, â€Å"Because I like it.† There’s no particular reason, maybe it’s the artist or maybe it is because you just like the beat. Perhaps it could be the way you are feeling at that particular moment. Every day people are exposed to music in one form or another, whether they wish to hear it or not. For example, every time someone walks into a store, goes to eat dinner or something as simple as walking into an elevator. Music is always playing in the background. It can actually be somewhat hard to get away from it. Yet the music does not seem to†¦show more content†¦One direction that music research has ventured involves a focus on the interaction between personality and musical preference. The uses of music amongst individuals that have been experimented on suggest that, young people in particular use music for the purpose to create an external image to other social groups. By doing so, music may help individuals to realize their sense of identity by establishing what kind of preferences the cliques have. Chamorro-Premuzic Furnham have indicated that, â€Å"individuals choose to listen to music as background to other activities for mere appreciation or rhythmic accompan iment (176).† Also, technological advances in digital music, for example mp3 players and compact disk have made listening to music cheap and available everywhere and at all times. Today, people can listen to music while driving, exercising, studying, or working. Much of our current understanding of music-genre preferences comes from Rentfrow Gosling’s (2003) study: The Five Factor Model. In the study, they started a series of 6 studies, examining people’s lay beliefs about music, the underlying music preferences and the links between music preferences and personality. This study revealed four dimensions of musical preferences. For those that have preferences for Pop, Soundtracks, and Oldies, the dimension was named Upbeat Conventional; which revealed genres that emphasize positive emotions and areShow MoreRelatedThe Factor Model Developed By Costa And Mccrae994 Words   |  4 Pagesunderlying factors of musical preference much research has explored personality and has attempted to label different personality traits. Personality cannot be directly observed and quantified because it is an abstract concept with several different definitions and interpretations. For the purpose of this study, the five factor model developed by Costa and McCrae (cite) will be used. Simply put, the five-factor model (FFM) is an empirical generalization about personality traits and how they are appliedRead MoreRelationship Between Music And Mood964 Words   |  4 PagesRelationship between Music and Mood Introduction In â€Å"Music Preferences, Personality Style, and Developmental Issues of Adolescents† (2003) Kelly D. Schwartz and Gregory T. Fouts observed the personality traits and developmental issues in three different groups of adolescences. The three groups of adolescences were separated by the type of music they preferred listening to: â€Å"heavy, light, and eclectic music† (Schwartz Fouts, 2003). The 164 participants were tasked with completing a questionnaireRead MoreTo What Extent Can Personality Traits Suggest an Individual’s Preference of Film Genre?1930 Words   |  8 PagesTo what extent can personality traits suggest an individual’s preference of film genre? Abstract This study investigates the relationship between personality and preference of film genre. Three scales of personality trait were selected from the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) based on the revised version of the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R: Costa amp; McCrae, 1992) and were assessed using a questionnaire. To assess preference of film genre, 9 film trailers groupedRead MoreMusic As A Predictor For Personality3016 Words   |  13 PagesFor years, music has been an important part of the lives of millions of people all over the world. Music is one of the earliest forms of expressive art and is part of many cultures. It is used by all people of different ages, ethnicities, and gender for many purposes. For many, music is a part of everyday life, being used in social situations. For others, it may be used just as a way to unwind after a long, stressful day, but can it be used to as a predictor for personality? Do people who experienceRead MoreProcrastina tion And Its Effects On Understanding Procrastination1525 Words   |  7 Pagesbeen lumped into one broad category, understood as the action of delaying to initiate or complete a task, often done through means of finding distractions or by displaying other avoidant characteristics. One mainstream interpretation distinguishes between â€Å"arousal type† procrastinators (those who procrastinate until they experience a sense of euphoria, resulting from approaching deadline pleasures), â€Å"the avoiders† (who may lack confidence in their abilities to complete tasks sufficiently and procrastinateRead MoreLeslie Is A Teacher s Student Government Organization1336 Words   |  6 Pagesschool’s student government organization. Leslie also is a mentor for the local elementary school, and volunteers at the local library. She has friends who are also in the gifted program and enjoys social settings. She likes reading, listening to music, and playing the flute in her s pare time. She loves being around people and is interested in helping others when she finishes college. Leslie is interested in running for class president during her eleventh grade school year. Leslie currentlyRead MoreUniversity Of New York : Study And Personality Impressions1344 Words   |  6 PagesFacebook Info Page Study and Personality Impressions Lesly Cabrera City College of New York Study purpose and rationale It is said that one can tell a lot about a person by looking at their Facebook page. People find them selves looking at other individuals Facebook profiles and consciously or unconsciously make assumptions of the individual’s personality. This research conducted by Zorana Ivcevic and Nalini Ambady from Tufts University, examines exactly that and serves two main reasons. The firstRead MoreDoes My Choice In Music Directly Shape My Future?. When1275 Words   |  6 Pages Does my choice in music directly shape my future? When one listens to music, dopamine levels are slightly increased resulting in a feel good sensation in response to the specific stimuli. Although music may have health benefits, it is almost an unimaginable task to find a person who does not enjoy music. Even Though I would love it if music directly impacted others lives the way it does for me, I can only voice its impacts for myself and my beliefs about how music has a direct impact on my futureRead MoreSociological Perspective On Love : The Ideology Of Love1836 Words   |  8 Pagespartner. Between - Partner Similarity : Elizabeth Aura McClintock conducted a research study in which displays strong evidence of matching on physical attractiveness, education, and occupational status (SEI). The correlations between her and his expected college graduation status (.575), years of completed education (.557), and SEI (.546) are especially strong. This evidence particularly pertains to college students as it shows a preference difference between particular groups. The between-partnerRead MoreHow And Why Are Music And Emotion Linked?2939 Words   |  12 PagesPSYC380 Term 2 Essay 2nd February 2015 How and why are Music and Emotion Linked? School of Psychology, Plymouth University When discussing the link between music and emotion, we first need to attempt to define the concept of emotion. Emotion is rudimentarily defined as a â€Å"complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behaviour† (Myers, 2004). Furthermore, emotion is usually accompanied with physiological changes - but research and opinion

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Collapse Of A Cherished Businessman - 1571 Words

The Collapse of a Cherished Businessman Arthur Miller, a highly acclaimed and influential twentieth century dramatist, was born in New York City in 1915. Unlike normal Greek tragedies that focus on the aristocracy, Miller’s works often focus on the plight and tragedy of the common man. According to Rachel Galvin in an article for National Endowment for the Humanities, Miller generally illustrated characters that â€Å"wrestle with power conflicts, personal and social responsibility, the repercussions of past actions, and twin poles of guilt and hope† (Galvin). Some of his most famous modern tragedies include The Crucible, All My Sons, and Death of a Salesman. First staged in 1949, Death of a Salesman is considered Miller’s greatest and most†¦show more content†¦He sees only a time when he was supremely successful and his boys had uncountable potential. The name often used to address him further signifies his inability to grow up, as Willy is commonly see n as a child’s name. Leonard Moss, a former professor of comparative literature at State University of New York College in Geneseo, intelligently points out, â€Å"He seeks escape from his problems by reliving a happier time† (32). Loman constantly alludes back to when he was considered a good salesman, denying his struggles in his later years. Because he always reverts to his former success, Loman cannot comprehend or deal with any failures and hardships in his present life. One aspect of his life where his flaw shines through is his regression to a time when he was able to â€Å"knock ‘em dead† in any town he was in (Miller 36). In Willy’s clouded eyes he is still able to sell as well as he did when he was young. When questioned by his wife Linda on the amount of money he made on his trip, he even coldly places the blame of his unsuccessfulness on the fact that â€Å"three of the stores were half closed for inventory in Boston† (35). He is not able to face the facts; Loman’s methods for selling are greatly outdated. Willy is no longer known in any town he enters because he has outlived most of his former customers. His new customers do not relate to his aged sense of humor and do not respond to his obsolete ways to sell. Regardless of the customers’ reactions, he still

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Arguments Against School Uniforms - 998 Words

School uniforms and dress codes are becoming a popular trend among schools. Most Students and some parents don’t agree with the enforcement with school uniforms, saying that uniforms are taking away self-expression in schools. But, school uniforms are not a negative thing to have. Yes, uniforms and some very strict dress codes limit what the students have to choose to wear to school every day, but it doesn’t limit them from learning which is the main reason they are in school. Some students treat school as a fashion show, so eliminating the size of wardrobe shifts the attention toward their school work. Although requiring students to wear school uniforms may violate their self-expression in some ways, a uniform is supposed to be looked†¦show more content†¦Larry Wilder, Ed. D had spent 19 years at Fresno County Office of Education, and currently directs the administrative services program in the Fresno Pacific University School of Education said, â€Å"The Nat ional School Board Association estimates that approximately 135,000 guns are brought to America’s 85,000 public schools each day.† This clearly states that there is a serious problem with students bringing guns to school. If school uniforms are implemented, these numbers are certain to go down. For example, the Long Beach Unified School District to require uniforms and in the first year of having them, there was a 50% decline in fights and cases of students with weapons. Other schools have dress codes that require the beltline to be exposed at all times for fear of a weapon in the waistband. Educators say that because of that policy, there was a decrease in violence, fights in schools and improved student achievement. School is meant to a healthy learning environment and by decreasing violence, with the use of uniforms and dress codes, schools are starting to become better learning environments. Requiring school uniforms eliminates the chances of bullying. Bullies usually pick on kids based on what they wear. With the use of uniforms, everyone will be wearing the same clothes, not allowing the bullies to pick people out by their choice of clothing. Even those making fun of others would be wearing the same clothes asShow MoreRelatedArgument Against School Uniforms993 Words   |  4 Pagesfor school? School uniform is what makes it easy! A set of clothing that is mainly worn, school uniform is one of the schools policy and recommendation. Generally worn in elementary and middle school, this outfit is composed of specific colors of long or short pants and shirts for boys, sometimes with a tie. Girls usually wear a dress or a blouse worn either with a skirt or pants, all however have the same colors. This dress code determines even the type of shoes that should be worn at school. SchoolRead MoreArguments against the Use of School Uniforms862 Words   |  3 Pages Unifor ms School uniforms in England were first introduced during the occupation of King Henry VII. England is mostly known for their school uniforms even though British people are not very interested, in fact they spend less money on clothes than the people of many European countries. Although, the school uniforms are part of the British image, many individuals oppose the use of school uniforms. The British is mostly known for their clothes, more specifically the school uniforms, it is oneRead MoreArgument Against School Uniforms Should Not Be Banned1556 Words   |  7 PagesArgument Against School Uniforms My disagreement against school dress code is that public schools should not make the student go to school uniforms. Students should be able to wear any appropriate clothing they want to wear. School uniforms are not the way to be unsuccessful in education. School uniforms are a waste of time to have in a public school system. Teachers should make the students go home and change into school appropriate clothes. Public schools should give students a chance on what theyRead MoreThe Pros and Cons of Wearing School Uniform1523 Words   |  6 PagesScientific research shows that school uniforms make the student appear smarter and more well-behaved, according to Behling (1994). In the experimental study, Behling found that when students wore uniforms, they were perceived in a more positive light by both their peers and by teachers too. The research is based on the theory of person perception. Person perception theory suggests that a persons clothing and appearance lead to the formation of first impressions, and those first impressions can lastRead MoreEssay on Implementation of School Uniforms635 Words   |  3 PagesImplementation of School Uniforms The topic of school uniforms has been highly debated for many years. Many would think it would be the teachers versus the pupils in this debate but they would be wrong, this argument has members from both sides fighting for and against it. In this essay I will look at the topic from both sides and be un-objective in my writing. Many of the arguments made in favour of school uniforms have something to do with the safety of the school communityRead MoreSchool Uniforms are a Terrible Idea984 Words   |  4 PagesRefutation essay- â€Å"school uniforms are a terrible idea† The essay school uniforms are a terrible idea states that. School uniforms fail to achieve the goals for which a school uniform was established suck as to save students money to, to prevent violence, and create a more organized school environment. The essay also states the uniforms restrict student’s freedom of expression. That school uniforms have led to more violence and that since no studies have yet proven that a uniform policy can solveRead MoreIn Consideration of School Uniforms Essay1216 Words   |  5 PagesSchool Uniforms A group of small boys and girls all wearing the same colored school uniforms assembled in front of a catholic school is what I imagine when thinking about school uniforms. This is probably what most people imagine. They have been attached to students of European and private schools. Such pictures of students dressing in school uniforms have led to stereotyping and a negative attitude towards schools enforcing a uniform policy. Displayed as robots without the ability to expressRead MoreThe Implementation Of School Uniforms1243 Words   |  5 Pagesdebated upon is the implementation of school uniforms. In the United States, school uniforms have become more and more widespread. Although, some schools disagree with the requirement of a school uniform and decide to require a school dress code instead. The pros and cons of a school uniform are very controversial. Deciding whether a school uniform should be implemented is not a black and white issue. Arguments to support school uniforms state that school uniforms create an altogether better environmentRead MoreBenefits Of A Uniformed School Day1550 Words   |  7 PagesA Uniformed School Day Uniforms have been a key element in promoting a successful, safe and unified establishment. Those successful establishments could possibly include a private high school, a sporting team, or even a business. Typically, private schools enforce the policy that a uniform most be worn by all enrolled students. But why hasn’t the majority of traditional public schools, developed uniform policies? Benefits of uniforms within schools may include, students feeling more professionalRead MoreSchool Uniform Policy1670 Words   |  7 PagesEvery year there is a new debate going on in the public schools about whether or not school uniforms are necessary. Some parents think that school uniforms should be enforced, as they feel it brings structure, safety, modesty and a lack of ridicule to our children. On the other hand, there are parents that argue that it takes away a child’s freedom of expression, independence, free spirit and individuality. Both of these arguments are valid, I hope to help give some insight into this subject

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Technology free essay sample

Chief among there is its convenience, efficiency and effectiveness in work, study, and research. It must be said that there are a number of substantial problems associated with the phenomenon of modernized technology. The one that springs immediately to mind is the potential risk of overusing technology in our lives. At the other end of the spectrum, there are many and varied merits to the concept of easily accessible up-to-date technology. Perhaps most importantly, it assists people to carry out their work faster. In my own experience, I found that technological appliances such as computer and mobile phone have assisted me a great deal in my occupation. As an accountant, I usually liaise with my clients to discuss about their account issues. Sometimes, problems can be solved via only a phone call. In addition, the aid of computer has reduced amount of my work significantly. At the end of the day, the positives effects of using digital technology and its convenience and efficiency for most people are more convincing than the negative aspects. We will write a custom essay sample on Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Technology or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page If digital technology were never invented, our lives would be never wonderful as they should be. There is a school of thought which contends that features, talents and shortcomings humanity is born with determine our social skills and growth considerably more than any education and real-life scenarios throughout our lives. From my personal perspective, I am unable to concur with this view. First and foremost, it is clearly evident that while beasts inherit all the intuition needed for existence when they come into the world, humanity is virtually useless at birth and takes the first 20 years of life acquiring survival prowess. / To begin with, it is immediately apparent that off spring inherit incredible genetic †hard-wired† abilities at birth, but unless they are encouraged to evolve these, such talents will manifest themselves. / First and foremost, it is clearly evident that if an individual has skill at something, it becomes pparent in earlier youth. People do not wake up one morning as excellent/superb athletes or academics at the age of 35. Similarly, lack of ability or learning difficulties are usually noticed at a very young age. This strongly recommends that babies are neither born with distinct abilities nor they are. †¦.. At the end of the day, in the course of our daily existence, any educative processes and life-changing events exert far g reater control than aspects, natural abilities as well as weak points that are contained in our genetic make-up.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

Bowling Essays - Bowling, Ten-pin Bowling, , Term Papers

Bowling Picture this scene: The best athletes in your community are gathered for the annual high school varsity letter awards banquet. Halfback Henry and Jumpshot Jenny already have received accolades from the Master of Ceremonies for their accomplishments, but the attention is now focused on Susan Strike, Central High's varsity bowling superstar. Bowling is Central High's newest varsity letter sport," he proclaims, "and we're extremely proud to announce Susan Strike has not only earned All-Conference honors for leading the Little Nine with a 206 average, but she led Central High to its first state bowling championship." A standing ovation follows. You beam because Susan is a product of your youth league program. She is the first of a new generation of Varsity Bowling letter winners and she'll serve as an inspiration for hundreds of young bowlers in your community. This scene may sound like a dream to you, but it's a reality in some areas of the United States where a handful of dedicated proprietors have laid the groundwork to launch the nation-wide Varsity Bowling program during the 1998-99 bowling season. Varsity Bowling is going to be a two-pronged attack: 1. From the Top Down - Five states have been selected to participate in a targeted Varsity Bowling program during the 1998-99 with a focused effort to secure state high school athletic association approval for the sport. 2. From the Bottom Up - Every local/regional proprietor group in any area of the United States is invited to "test" the Varsity Bowling waters on their own. A comprehensive organizational kit, including detailed manual, videotape and support materials, is available today from the Young American Bowling Alliance and the Bowling Proprietors Association of America to help your proprietor group and local association volunteers get a headstart in organizing a "high school club conference" to demonstrate the program's feasibility. Varsity Bowling is a program that cannot succeed without the commitment and dedication of the proprietors. You own the arenas, you have the expertise and it's your youth bowlers who will benefit the most. Varsity Bowling is one of the most comprehensive step-by-step organizational programs ever developed in bowling (or any sport). It is based upon 10 years of experience and research in Northern Illinois and Michigan's Upper Peninsula, culminating in resounding success. Be Part of Bowling's Biggest Success Story in Decades Varsity Bowling will become our sport's most significant success story in decades, with your help. Mark these figures down and watch them grow: In 1996-97, only 728 of America's more than 16,000 high schools offered any kind of bowling program. Out of 6.1 million high school students who participated in athletics in 1996-97, only 15,600 were able to bowl for their schools. Only seven of America's 50 states had as many as 30 high schools offering bowling as an extracurricular activity. Bowling has nearly 500,000 young people participating in Young American Bowling Alliance leagues and tournaments. They know and love bowling, and most of them are denied the opportunity to experience the thrill and excitement of bowling for a letter for their high school teams. American Sports Data states interest in bowling is at an all-time high among young people, with a 15% increase in interest among pre-teens and 17% growth in interest among high schoolers. As a proprietor, you will never experience any program as rewarding as you'll discover by becoming a part of the Varsity Bowling team. Send for your comprehensive Varsity Bowling organizational kit, including detailed manual, videotape and support materials, today! order your kit now or Send for your comprehensive Varsity Bowling organizational kit, including detailed manual, videotape and support materials, today! To order your Varsity Bowling kit, please send an email to Jennifer Williamson or call her at the Young American Bowling Alliance (414 423-3398. Smart Program The Scholarship Management and Accounting Reports for Tenpins (SMART) program will help locate and secure existing bowling scholarships for YABA's membership. SMART will also help any organization start and manage a new bowling scholarship program while relieving new and existing bowling scholarship providers from the burden of administering their scholarship funds. YABA has developed two service levels to accomplish this mission: LEVEL ONE Level one is SMART's information and assistance level. This SMART level can be contacted in one of three ways - telephone, mail or email. SMART Level One will provide the following services: Information on how to start a bowling scholarship league, tournament or written application. Information on how to manage the scholarship dollars collected. Advise, assist and support organizations regarding any problem encountered in conducting or administering their scholarship programs. A booklet

Monday, March 9, 2020

Free Essays on Celebrity Vs. Religion

Has Celebrity Replaced Religion in Society? Religion has been around forever. It was formed to explain the unexplainable, and lasted through countless revolutions and discoveries, giving the people who followed the support needed to go about each day. Recently, people who attain celebrity status can gain quite a big following. These groups of people will often look up to, and possibly idolize or worship the celebrities, seeing them as above the regular human being. This has, in turn, prompted the debate of whether celebrity has replaced religion in society. To this, I feel it has not. The first thing that comes to my mind when I think of this question is the amount of people that follow a specific religion. I usually think of Christianity because of its widespread belief and popularity. The number of people who worship celebrities is far less than the people who attend church on Sunday’s, and when other religions are considered, the ratio is practically laughable. Granted, the ratio is becoming less and less desirable, but the fact is that religion is still alive and strong. Another reason I feel that religion hasn’t been replaced by celebrity is the reasoning that people looking up to celebrities or other people in any sort of spotlight can not only be good, but help aid in there everyday lives. Plenty of famous people live good, quality lives following good morals, and looking up to them can offer guidelines to help live a good life. On the flip side, looking at celebrities can offer a way not to live your life. For example, because they are in the spotlight all the time, you can analyze their mistakes, and see that if you were to avoid similar mistakes, then you could avoid many potential problems. The last reason I feel that celebrity has not replaced religion is that many celebrities are very religious. The fact that people would worship celebrities who have a strong faith in a religion make it so eventual... Free Essays on Celebrity Vs. Religion Free Essays on Celebrity Vs. Religion Has Celebrity Replaced Religion in Society? Religion has been around forever. It was formed to explain the unexplainable, and lasted through countless revolutions and discoveries, giving the people who followed the support needed to go about each day. Recently, people who attain celebrity status can gain quite a big following. These groups of people will often look up to, and possibly idolize or worship the celebrities, seeing them as above the regular human being. This has, in turn, prompted the debate of whether celebrity has replaced religion in society. To this, I feel it has not. The first thing that comes to my mind when I think of this question is the amount of people that follow a specific religion. I usually think of Christianity because of its widespread belief and popularity. The number of people who worship celebrities is far less than the people who attend church on Sunday’s, and when other religions are considered, the ratio is practically laughable. Granted, the ratio is becoming less and less desirable, but the fact is that religion is still alive and strong. Another reason I feel that religion hasn’t been replaced by celebrity is the reasoning that people looking up to celebrities or other people in any sort of spotlight can not only be good, but help aid in there everyday lives. Plenty of famous people live good, quality lives following good morals, and looking up to them can offer guidelines to help live a good life. On the flip side, looking at celebrities can offer a way not to live your life. For example, because they are in the spotlight all the time, you can analyze their mistakes, and see that if you were to avoid similar mistakes, then you could avoid many potential problems. The last reason I feel that celebrity has not replaced religion is that many celebrities are very religious. The fact that people would worship celebrities who have a strong faith in a religion make it so eventual...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Violence on Television Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Violence on Television - Essay Example There is no doubt that television has its good side. It can be both entertaining as well as educational. It gives good opportunity for children to learn more about different cultures, and gain exposure to ideas they may never encounter in their own community.Besides, it also gives them a chance to see different places and learn about various aspects on life in different parts of the world. In addition, there are also several motivational programs with positive role models and good moral stories that can influence kids to change their behavior for the better (UMHS n. pag, 2007). However, the concern today is the impact of violence that is projected in the television. Ever since the beginning of television, the effect of TV violence on society has been commonly studied and strongly debated. There are several studies that provide evidence that violence in television can be linked to the real life violence. For instance, a study conducted by four universities and financed by the cable industry found that of nearly 2,700 shows analyzed in a 20 week survey of 23 channels, 57% were said to contain at least some violence (Zoglin 58-61). [1] One of the biggest concerns is the negative effect of television on children. Researchers hypothesize that viewing TV violence can lead to three potentially harmful effects: increased antisocial or aggressive behavior, desensitization to violence (becoming more accepting of violence in real life and less caring about other people's feelings), or increased fear of becoming a victim of violence (Smith and Donnerstein 167-202).12 [2] Television can be a powerful influence in developing value systems and shaping behavior. Unfortunately, much of today's television programming is violent. Children and adolescent concur some of the negative moral influences through TV such as media violence, portrayals of sexual exploitation and attitudes, vulgarity and rudeness, intense and disturbing imagery, passive watching - the "couch potato" syndrome, alcoholism, drug abuse, and other kinds of disturbing activities. For example, the average American child will witness 200,000 violent acts on television by age 18 (Dowshen and Gavin n. pag 2005). These may lead to serious psychological problems. Too much of TV means that children not exercising, reading, socializing, or spending time outside. Children, who view violent events, are also more likely to believe that the world is scary and that something bad will happen to them. These could have serious negative influence on the growth and development of the child. A review of scientific literature on media violence provides ample evidences that the connection of media violence to real-life aggressive behavior and violence has been largely exposed (Donnerstein and Linz 271-284). Estimates suggest that as much as 10% to 20% of real-life violence may be a duplication of media violence (Comstock and Strasburger 495-509). National Television Violence Study presented the following after a three years study: nearly two thirds of all programming contains violence; children's shows contain the most violence; portrayals of violence are usually glamorized; and perpetrators often go unpunished (Federman 1998). Violence on television can influence people to commit crimes. There is an increase of juvenile crimes in the world. While television violence is not the only cause of aggressive or violent behavior, researchers believe that it is clearly a significant factor. It is important